interesting essey ive found online by Parmveer Singh who is an Assistant Professor of Extension Education at Khalsa College Amritsar in India.
Published on: 08 April 2020
Last updated on: 06 May 2020
The fear of COVID-19 infection has penetrated all over the world. This pandemic is jeopardising in every area of life such as psychological, physical, social, financial etc. Globally, governments have announced lockdowns to prevent further outbreaks of COVID-19.
The World Health Organization has issued specific guidelines related to symptomatology and prevention (such as wash hands frequently, maintain social distancing, avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth, practice respiratory hygiene, seek medical care early, stay informed and follow advice by healthcare providers).
All the educational and religious institutions, restaurants, clubs, theatres, parks, and the transportation system is at rest to cease the public gathering. People are expected to remain inside their houses, to support social distancing and to adopt precautionary measures to the maximum.
Still, it is not absolutely followed. The question arises whether people do not understand the concept of social distancing or there is an unavoidable precursor behind such tendency. The way the coronavirus is spreading is threatening and demands taking maximum precautions possible.
It is perhaps useful to understand the motivating factors, which may be impacting people’s reluctance to follow social distancing measures. This may help elucidate why people are risking their lives, and ignoring the nature of coronavirus.
We need to understand the theoretical association between Abraham Maslow’s theory of needs and the anxiety of COVID19 in unprecedented times.
The well-known theory of Maslow’s theory of human needs fits well in the context of COVID-19 as he quoted in his theory that human needs are hierarchical arranged and supersedes the others when ones are satisfied. Maslow categorised needs such as physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualisation.
The risk of life and its comprehension differ variably upon the individual’s age, personality traits, immunity, adoption of precautionary measures, environmental factors. It is interesting to ascertain (empirically) that to fulfil what kind of needs, an individual takes the risk of life and of what extent during such extreme conditions. It can also support to understand that to fulfil such needs, an individual can break the rules of protection. The unmet needs for self at a primary level might be the limiting factor towards the global crisis, even, people led to ignore government and health providers’ instructions.
Classification of needs Maslow theory of needs Lower order needs Physiological needs
Safety and security needs
Higher order needs Belongingness and love
The basic physiological needs are the lowest and fundamental for the survival of individuals. In this case, these needs seem to be overlapping with safety and security needs. Such needs usually emerge from deprivation and the absence of which develops a sense of anxiety and stress. It can be attributed to the idea that people may think an empty stomach (without food, water, and other routine essentials during lockdown) would take their life away before the coronavirus.
The panic buying of bulk grocery and toilet papers are noteworthy examples. The hoarding of such items highlights the perceived unpredictability of the future about the availability of such goods. To have these articles, people still step out of their homes to buy and attempt to endanger their lives at the cost of their living, until these items are procured. Therefore, people tend to satisfy their elementary needs at any price, despite being aware of the hard reality of coronavirus.
Safety needs, in the case of COVID19 can be referred as to sense of being protected and safe to avoid the infection of corona virus. It includes need for the clean living area, masks, hand sanitisers, maintaining social distancing and toilet papers are safety needs for people to help them safe from COVID19.
The need of belongingness and love: Diminishing the fear of COVID-19, there may be people whose dear ones are away from family members may produce some degree of fearfulness than those who are together in these exceptional circumstances. The needs of belonging to family, friends and relatives lower anxiety and fearfulness. The emotional needs requirements are satisfied via offline and online mediums of remaining in touch with near and dear ones. The regular contact with family members and friends escapes the feeling of anxiety, stress and fear.
The fourth level is esteem needs. These needs are two types internal (such as self-satisfaction) and external esteem (public acclaim) needs. Individuals tend to gain satisfaction, recognition and acquire status. Once the individuals attain the first three needs, afterwards only, they would be encouraged to reach and achieve these needs. This time, the individuals are working from home, doing and submitting, presenting work online, reporting to officials, writing down needful, making video-conferencing.
For an instance, many people upload videos and photographs on social media while donating to people in crisis. It is always controversial whether they satisfy internal needs or external needs by doing so. Thus, they contribute to society in a possible capacity.
The highest stage is self-actualisation. The urge to help the community, services provided by the front line workers (e.g. medical fraternity, police officers, etc.) to support people in the maximum possible ways. Through such efforts, they reflect reaching the highest state of human needs – self-actualisation. These people endanger life in the jeopardising circumstances to giving their best services to save the life of many people.
ConclusionThis theory has also relevance during pandemic to understand the hierarchy of needs. Yet, it is to be tested on a sample of population in different regions and its association with fear of COVID19 can be determined. That will be suitable to suggest ways of satisfying human needs during traumatic conditions so that people are not encouraged to take perils of life.
'The Grey Area' Music box. Part of 'Encrypted Sounds of Wellbeing' project
Created by all participants online and in Leicester Organised, film, edit, sound by Leila Houston
to be part of the next part of the project and projects that follow, follow www.leilahouston.com/blog
If the governments job is to protect and provide, which of these headings need their urgent attention?
People were asked to pick up to three (or more) headings. Those that took part, were openly invited on social media & at Interact Digital Arts exhibition, LCB Depot, Leicester, U.K
1. Welfare 2. Education 3. Racism 4. Food banks 5. Green polices 6. Mental health & Sleep 7. Time to think8. NHS Future 9. Housing 10. Community 11.Employment 12. Tax Haven All selections were transferred on to a music sheet. (see end of video for the lay out)
Film and Animation
what is the shape of things ?
so- im thinking about this installation and considering the shape of the maslows diagram......and what i want to stick with and leave out - what is relevant and what is not
why a hierarchy? it isnt a symbol of unity but it is of individualism....or is it ?
From the dictionary - a system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority.
"the initiative was with those lower down in the hierarchy"
Similar: pecking order, ranking grading, ladder, social order, social stratum, social scale, class system
more thoughts -
- a peak of heaven and a floor of hell ?
a purpose or a struggle never to quite reach an un known void . a grounding base.
but what if it was on its side as a symbol to move forward - eyes face forward and what about that other space we dont see can that be a mirror image
- what if the circumference or volume was a mirror of sorts
ancient pyramid a symbol of strength, long lasting, survival, of being long lasting
why 3 equal sides ?
judgement is also connected to this in many ways
the shape of the scales (a triangle) and ones judgements we have on each other with too much or too little- whilst the chart is a nice chart and healthy for ones own idea to check where they are at is the triangle the right shape - its good to look at it all ways to continue with my own design for the installation . i personally like the idea of the void and keep thinking about anish kappor work and infinity.
Photographs by Leila Houston
Loved this visit to the museum- i highly recommend people visit.
''The Musical Museum tells the changing story of how people have captured and listened to music over the last four centuries. From tiny music boxes to the Mighty Wurlitzer theatre organ in our concert hall, the collection includes an impressive array of instruments and inventions, including reproducing pianos, orchestrions, self-playing violins, pipe organs, gramophones & synthesizers. Find out how music was recorded and reproduced, see and hear them in action.'' (website)
i went there for music boxes and i got more from the visit than i ever thought imaginable. Loved the talk and demos. Loved seeing the detail and the makings of these machines in person. Especially loved the performance with the Wurlitzer by Chris Barber. Seeing this and hearing the talk/s i couldnt help thinking how my interactive (digital), immersive works relate to the magical, immersive experiences these instruments create.
Lots more to think about and write about at a later stage.
Im looking at building a physical music box inspired by old and new creations and designs as well as conversations.
The project is called 'Encrypted sounds of wellbeing'' kindly supported by Arts council England.
productive day -a great meeting with the amazing r10! who will be COMMISSIONED to forsee/ make happen sound tech for my current arts council funded project. 'Encrypted sounds of well being' . Also had a delivery - podium arrived for the human size music
notes and scribbles from meeting with r10
flat packed and ready to be transformed - podium
internally and externally
installation and the spectacle
- what is self actualisation and how does that relate
art practise/ thoughts/ creative processes
( questions questions questions)
and how do we arrange our prioritys and give due regard to the different and conflicting claims we have on our attention ?
Reasearch into Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs- found a lovly, simply put video on school of life.
This research will be fed in to workshops with groupd across Leicester and the completion of a walk through music box.
Diane Simpson: Sculpture, Drawing, Prints 1976–2014
Light the night. Nottingham, 2020
I saw this work at Venice Biannual 2019.
This Arts Council project will lead to the creation of an ambitious new artwork exploring Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and people’s experience of wellbeing today. The artwork will take the form of an interactive artwork containing sound and will be part displayed at Attenborough Art Centre during Mental Health Week 18th-24th May and Fearon Hall 8th - 14th June 2020. During the course of 6 months there will active research using materials, projection mapping, digital tech, sculpting and work using text and music boxes, workshops followed by 2 exhibtions.
This project is ground work in continuing my practise as a full time Artist and taking experience from many other projects considering past installations, concepts, research and how to involve others to make a fully insightful work around welbeing .
Inviting people to add something that relates to their own realities and questions. Working from a place that needs authenticity in a world that is so fragile.
James Chantry Tim Sayers Lydia Towsey Melissa Fletcher Elizabeth Jane Dyer
My studio practise has been taking place over the last two months - gathering ideas and designs for my structures, concepts and careful planning within my budget. I am about to purchase a scafolding podium as my base for building out from. But im looking at my budget before purchase as i want to hire other equipment and the designs in the sound experiance im not final on. It will get there.
Colaberations will develop the work futher with other artists i will be speaking to this month and i working with 4 local community groups in Leicester offering workshops and their own insite and visiting at Attenborough Arts Centre ''Art space'' with Tim Sayers , the Peepul Centre ''Lalu'' with Lydia Towsey and Two groups from Charnwood Arts ''Open Media'' and Arts Programme with James Chantry.
This is my 4th arts council project and 7 year working with a team from Silver Vine Arts/ Summer Art Trail. i am still working with the brilliant reliable and talented Melissa Fletcher - who is assisting with my web design, budget support and general one to one support major decions .
James Chantry i have worked with also for many years - exhibting together at Queen of Bragate Points of Departure (2016) and running workshops around Leicstershire. There are many cross overs with our work and practise. Earlie March we are on a work trip for his PHD- filming and recording in Knorfok in The Fens, a place we both know as children and feel we can discuss and explore the same thinking there. We will also be dropping in on the Music Box museum for future projects.
James Chantry, Silver Vine Arts at LCB Depot- Crass Event (2016)
'Post Cards from Europe' (pre- referendum)
Leila Houston (London, 1977) is a visual artist whose work investigates the social, political and historical aspects of a place.